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The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards) are presented annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States for outstanding achievements in the record industry. It is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the U.S.; the others are the American Music Awards, the Billboard Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony. However, the Grammys, usually held in February, are considered to be the U.S. record industry's equivalent to the Academy Awards (or Oscars) for motion pictures. The 50th Annual Grammy Awards will take place on Sunday, February 10, 2008 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, CA. Nominations will be announced on December 6, 2007.

Overview
Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within more than 20 musical genres of music, are voted upon by peers (voting members of the Academy). Popularly recognized voting members include Jon Bon Jovi, Prince, Paul Simon, and Beyoncé Knowles. The current president of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and GRAMMYs is Neil Portnow.

The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammy Awards are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.

As of 2006, the eligibility period for the Grammy Awards begins October 1. For example, John Lennon and Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November 17, 1980, a month and 16 days too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys; it was entered for the 1982 awards and eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. This is a few months earlier than the Oscar calendar, which has had interesting results. For example, the movie Ray won the 2005 Oscar for Best Achievement in Sound but won the 2006 Grammys for Category 80 - Best Compilation Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media and Category 81 - Best Score Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media (i.e., best soundtrack and best score).

The Grammy Awards are currently broadcast on CBS. Prior to the first live Grammys telecast in 1971 on ABC (CBS bought the rights in 1973 after moving the ceremony to Nashville, Tennessee; the American Music Awards were created for ABC as a result), a series of taped annual specials in the 1960s called The Best on Record were broadcast on NBC.

The awards were held for several years at the shrine auditorium, known as the home of the Oscars and its famous red carpet, however due to the increase in categories and attendance it was moved to the Staples Center. Non presenting attendees and nominees must pay to attend the event, however, the fee is traditionally covered by the record label. A separate paid ticket is required to enter the official post party which is in addition to the ticket price. For 2007, tickets started at $750 for members, climbing to $2,500 per person. Anyone attending the official Grammy party pays $250, however attendees receive a gift bag with considerable "swag", which is, in industry parlance, "free" goods. This can include anything from perfume, gift certificates, jewelry, CDs and more, usually in an event commemorative bag. For 2007 the official Grammy post party swag gift was a Tigi Fashionista Frenzy 5 piece hair care assortment in a custom case with a Grammy award seal.

The 49th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony took place on February 11, 2007 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. In 2008 the 50th Annual GRAMMY Awards will take place. This will be a milestone for the GRAMMYs and the Recording Academy. It will take place on February 10, 2008 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles.

Grammy Awards records
The record for most lifetime Grammy Awards is held by Sir Georg Solti, a Hungarian-British conductor who was the conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for twenty-two years. He personally won 31 Grammys and is listed for 38 Grammys (6 went to the engineer and 1 to a soloist); he was nominated an additional 74 times before his death in 1997.

* To date, U2 has won more Grammy Awards than any other band for a total of 22 awards. They have won Rock Duo or Group seven times, Album of the Year twice, Record of the Year twice, Song of the Year twice and best Rock Album twice.

Johnny Cash has won 16 Grammys in a variety of categories:

* 1968 - Best Country & Western Performance, Duet, Trio Or Group, "Jackson" (with June Carter Cash)
* 1969 - Best Male Country Vocal, "Folsom Prison Blues"
* 1969 - Best Album Notes, At Folsom Prison
* 1970 - Best Male Country Vocal, "A Boy Named Sue"
* 1970 - Best Country Song, "A Boy Named Sue" by Shel Silverstein
* 1970 - Best Album Notes (written by Cash) for Bob Dylan's Nashville Skyline
* 1971 - Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, "If I Were A Carpenter", with June Carter Cash
* 1987 - Best Spoken Word or Non-musical Album, Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions, with Carl Perkins, Chips Moman, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison and Sam Phillips
* 1995 - Best Contemporary Folk Album, American Recordings
* 1998 - Best Country Album, Unchained
* 1999 - Lifetime Achievement
* 2001 - Best Country Male Vocal, "Solitary Man"
* 2002 - Best Country Album, Timeless: Hank Williams Tribute (Cash contributed a cover of "I Dreamed About Mama Last Night")
* 2003 - Best Country Male Vocal, "Give My Love To Rose"
* 2004 - Best Short Form Video, "Hurt", directed by Mark Romanek
* 2006 - Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package, "The Legend"

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 17 Grammy Awards in total, including seven consecutive awards for seven consecutive albums. Metheny held the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories as of the 2005 Grammy Awards:

* Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
* Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
* Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2005)
* Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
* Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999)
* Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)

Bruce Springsteen has won 15 Grammy Awards, as follows (years shown are the year the award was given for, not the year in which the ceremony was held):

* Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male, 1984, "Dancing in the Dark"
* Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male, 1987, "Tunnel of Love"
* Song of the Year, 1994, "Streets of Philadelphia"
* Best Rock Song, 1994, "Streets of Philadelphia"
* Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo, 1994, "Streets of Philadelphia"
* Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television, 1994, "Streets of Philadelphia"
* Best Contemporary Folk Album, 1996, The Ghost of Tom Joad
* Best Rock Album, 2002, The Rising
* Best Rock Song, 2002, "The Rising"
* Best Male Rock Vocal Performance, 2002, "The Rising"
* Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, 2003, "Disorder in the House" (with Warren Zevon)
* Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance, 2004, "Code of Silence"
* Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance, 2005, "Devils & Dust"
* Best Traditional Folk Album, 2006, The Seeger Sessions: We Shall Overcome
* Best Long Form Music Video, 2006, "Wings For Wheels: The Making Of Born To Run"

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

* 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
* 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
* 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
* 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
* 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
* 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Stevie Wonder, as a solo artist, has won 22 Grammys.

The Beatles, as a group, won Grammy Awards for the following Albums & Songs in the following years:

* 1965 A Hard Day's Night[3]
* 1965 Best New Artist[4]
* 1967 Michelle- Song of the Year 1966[5]
* 1968 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band-Album of the Year[6]
* 1971 Let It Be[7]

George Harrison, Ringo Starr, Leon Russell, Billy Preston, Eric Clapton, Klaus Voormann & Badfinger won Grammy Awards for the Concert for Bangladesh in 1971.[8]

The Beatles' 2nd recording engineer, Geoff Emerick, who worked on the albums Revolver through Abbey Road, won the Technical Award in 2003.

Alison Krauss, as a female solo artist, collaborator, producer and with Union Station has won 20 Grammy Awards.

Aretha Franklin has won the Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Grammy a record 11 times, 8 of them consecutively.

Michael Jackson:
* Record of the Year - Beat It
* Album of the Year - Thriller
* Best Male Pop Vocal Performance - Thriller
* Best Male Rock Vocal Performance - Beat It
* Best Male R&B Vocal Performance - Billie Jean
* Best R&B Song - Billie Jean
* Best Recording For Children - E.T. The Extra Terrestrial
* Producer Of The Year (Non-Classical)

Santana:
* Record Of The Year - Smooth
* Album Of The Year - Supernatural
* Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal - Maria Maria
* Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals - Smooth
* Best Pop Instrumental Performance - El Farol
* Best Rock Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal - Put Your Lights On
* Best Rock Instrumental Performance - The Calling
* Best Rock Album - Supernatural

Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) is the only artist to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. As a side note, Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) won Record of the Year, Album of the Year and Best New Artist); that same year her guitarist, Jesse Harris, won the Song of the Year for writing 'Don't Know Why'. Although Norah sang the song, she did not receive the Song of the Year Grammy because it is a songwriter's award.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.

Victor Wooten is the only artist to be nominated for a Grammy on an independent record label for his 1997 jazz album Yin & Yang.

LeAnn Rimes is the youngest person to win a Grammy, at 14 years old. In 1997 she was awarded Best New Artist, succeeding former title holder David L Cook, who was 16 when he won.

Christina Aguilera is the youngest Latino to win a Grammy. In 2000 she was awarded Best New Artist at the age of 19.

Billy Gilman is the youngest person ever to be nominated for a Grammy. In 2001 he was nominated for Best Male Country Vocal Performance, losing out to Johnny Cash. He was 12 years, 273 days old when he earned the nomination.

Alan Parsons and Joe Satriani are tied for most Grammy nominations at thirteen without winning.

The most Grammys won by a record Producer in one night is five. At the 49th Annual Grammy Awards in 2007 Rick Rubin won Record of the Year, Album of the Year and Best Country Album for the Dixie Chicks. He was awarded best Rock Album for the Red Hot Chili Peppers and he also won Producer of the Year, Non Classical.

The Most Grammys won by a Female Artist in one night is five which is heald in a five way tie: Lauryn Hill in 1999, Alicia Keys in 2002, Norah Jones in 2003, Beyonce in 2004 and the members of the Dixie Chicks in 2007.

The Big Four
The Big Four are the most prestigious awards of all, and are the only awards which are not genre restricted:

* Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and production team of a single song.
* Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and production team of a full album.
* Song of the Year is awarded to the composer(s) of a single song.
* Best New Artist

Alternative
* Best Alternative Music Album

Blues
* Best Traditional Blues Album
* Best Contemporary Blues Album

Children's
* Best Album for Children
* Best Musical Album for Children
* Best Spoken Word Album for Children

Classical
* Best Orchestral Performance
* Best Classical Vocal Performance
* Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral
* Best Opera Recording
* Best Choral Performance
* Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra)
* Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra)
* Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra)
* Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor)
* Best Chamber Music Performance
* Best Classical Contemporary Composition
* Best Classical Album
* Best Classical Crossover Album
* Best New Classical Artist

Comedy
* Best Comedy Album
* Best Spoken Comedy Album

Composing/Arrangement
* Best Instrumental Composition
* Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field)
* Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field)
* Best Arrangement
* Best Instrumental Arrangement
* Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)
* Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices

Country
* Best Female Country Vocal Performance
* Best Male Country Vocal Performance
* Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental
* Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
* Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
* Best Country Instrumental Performance
* Best Country & Western Recording
* Best Country & Western Single
* Best Country Song
* Best Country Album
* Best Bluegrass Album
* Best New Country & Western Artist

Dance
* Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop")
* Best Electronic/Dance Album

Disco
* Best Disco Recording (1980 only)

Film/TV/Media
* Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
* Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
* Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)

Folk
* Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
* Best Traditional Folk Album
* Best Contemporary Folk Album
* Best Native American Music Album
* Best Hawaiian Music Album

Gospel
* Best Gospel Performance
* Best Gospel Song
* Best Gospel Performance, Traditional
* Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary
* Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female
* Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male
* Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
* Best Soul Gospel Performance
* Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
* Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
* Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female
* Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male
* Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female
* Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
* Best Inspirational Performance
* Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
* Best Rock Gospel Album
* Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
* Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
* Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album
* Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album

Jazz
* Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
* Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male
* Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group
* Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
* Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
* Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
* Best Jazz Fusion Performance
* Best Original Jazz Composition
* Best Jazz Vocal Album
* Best Contemporary Jazz Album
* Best Latin Jazz Album

Latin
* Best Latin Recording
* Best Latin Pop Album
* Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
* Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album
* Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album
* Best Tejano Album
* Best Salsa Album
* Best Merengue Album
* Best Salsa/Merengue Album

Musical Show
* Best Musical Show Album
* Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television

Music Video
* Best Short Form Music Video
* Best Long Form Music Video
* Best Concept Music Video
* Best Performance Music Video
* Video of the Year

New Age
* Best New Age Album

Packaging/Notes; Best Album Cover
* Best Album Cover
* Best Album Cover - Classical
* Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical
* Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts
* Best Album Cover, Photography
* Best Recording Package
* Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package
* Best Album Notes
* Best Album Notes - Classical

Polka
* Best Polka Album

Pop
* Best Vocal Performance, Female
* Best Vocal Performance, Male
* Best Performance by a Vocal Group
* Best Performance by a Chorus
* Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus
* Best Instrumental Performance
* Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
* Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
* Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female
* Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
* Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus
* Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
* Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing
* Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing
* Best Pop Instrumental Performance
* Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
* Best Contemporary Song
* Best Pop Vocal Album
* Best Pop Instrumental Album

Production/Engineering
* Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
* Best Engineered Album, Classical
* Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
* Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
* Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
* Producer of the Year, Classical
* Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

R&B
* Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
* Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
* Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
* Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
* Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
* Best R&B Instrumental Performance
* Best Urban/Alternative Performance
* Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
* Best R&B Song
* Best R&B Album
* Best Contemporary R&B Album

Rap
* Best Rap Solo Performance
* Best Female Rap Solo Performance
* Best Male Rap Solo Performance
* Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
* Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
* Best Rap Song
* Best Rap Album

Reggae
* Best Reggae Album

Rock
* Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
* Best Male Rock Vocal Performance
* Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo
* Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
* Best Rock Instrumental Performance
* Best Hard Rock Performance
* Best Metal Performance
* Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental
* Best Rock Song
* Best Rock Album

Surround Sound
* Best Surround Sound Album

Spoken
* Best Spoken Word Album
* Best Spoken Comedy Album

Traditional Pop
* Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album

World
* Best World Music Album
* Best Traditional World Music Album
* Best Contemporary World Music Album

Host cities and venues
* 1959-1969: Beverly Hilton, Los Angeles, CA
* 1970-1971: Century Plaza Hotel, Los Angeles, CA
* 1972: Felt Forum (now The Theater at Madison Square Garden), New York City, NY
* 1973: Ryman Auditorium, Nashville, TN
* 1974: George Gershwin Theater, New York, NY
* 1975-1977: Hollywood Palladium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1978-1980: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1981: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1982-1983: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1984: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1985-1987: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1988-1989: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1990: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1991-1992: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1993: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1994: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1995-1996: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 1997: Madison Square Garden, New York City, NY
* 1998: Radio City Music Hall, New York City, NY
* 1999: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, CA
* 2000-2002: Staples Center, Los Angeles, CA
* 2003: Madison Square Garden, New York City, NY
* 2004-2008: Staples Center, Los Angeles, CA

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